Among all states
Alaska has the very best rate of women’s labor pool participation; 68.3 percent of girls aged 16 and older work. Women within the Midwest have the strongest labor pool participation rates overall:
Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wisconsin all rank within the top ten. Fewer than half women (49.3 percent) are within the labor pool in West Virginia. The state with rock bottom labor pool participation rate of girls within the nation.
Southern states overall even have very low rates
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi also rank within the bottom ten. Two Mountain West states—Arizona and New Mexico—and Oklahoma also fall under this group.
Utah has the most important difference between men’s and women’s labor pool participation rates at 16.7 percentage points. Maine has the littlest at 5.8 percentage points (Table B2.1).
Women’s labor pool participation
Has increased in only 11 states and therefore the District of Columbia since 2002. Louisiana and therefore the District of Columbia have shown the most important gains. With increases of three .6 and 3.3 percentage points, respectively. Idaho and Minnesota have experienced the best losses, with declines of 5.6 and 4.8 percentage points (IWPR 2004; Table 2.1).
Among the most important
Racial and ethnic groups, black women aged 16 and older had the very best national workforce participation rate in 2014 at 59.2 percent. White women had the second-highest labor pool participation rate at 56.7 percent, followed by Hispanic women (56.0 percent) and Asian women (55.8). Data aren’t available for Native American women (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015c).
Among the detailed racial and ethnic groups shown in Table B2.3, Bolivian and Peruvian women have the very best labor pool participation rates among Hispanic women at 70.1 and 66.0 percent, respectively, and Cuban women have rock bottom rate at 55.9 percent (Table B2.3).
Filipino and Laotian women have the very best workforce participation rates among Asian/Pacific Islander women (68.2 and 64.8 percent), and Pakistani and Bangladeshi women have rock bottom rates (41.8 and 44.3 percent).
Among Native American women, the Chippewa and therefore the Pueblo have the very best workforce participation rates at 59.4
Women’s Labor force participation rates
also vary by age. Among women, rates are highest for those in their prime working years (aged 25–54); after increasing between 1960 and 1999, however, the labor pool participation rate of girls during this age bracket decreased nearly three percentage points between 2000 and 2014 (the labor pool participation rate of men aged 25–54 declined by quite three percentage points during this time; Figure 2.6).
The labor pool participation rate
For young women (16–24) reached its part in 1987 and declined quite nine percentage points between 2000 and 2014, while young men’s labor pool participation rate declined by quite twelve percentage points, reflecting the longer time this generation now spends in education and also a weak market during the good Recession and within the slow recovery for several young adults.
Among women aged 55 years and older—who are much less likely to be within the workforce than younger women—labor force participation has increased over the last three decades, especially so within the 2000s, has remained fairly constant from 1960 until the mid-1980s when the labor pool participation rate of young women was growing rapidly.
In 2014, 34.9 percent of older women were within the workforce, compared with 26.1 percent in 2000. Older men, in contrast, experienced a gentle decline in their workforce participation rates between 1960 and therefore the mid-1990s, before their labor pool participation rate increased between the mid-1990s and 2014, reaching its part in 2012 (Figure 2.6).
Women work part-time for various reasons
The bulk who work part-time do so by choice (although these choices could also be constrained by factors like their children’s school hours and therefore the high costs of kid care).
For a few women, however, part-time work is involuntary; approximately one in five women who usually worked part-time in 2013.
Whether part-time work is voluntary or not, an increasing number of workers report not knowing from one week to subsequent what percentage hours and at what times they’re expected to figure.
They’ll be expected to be available for full-time work, but with none guarantee of what percentage hours, they are going to be scheduled to figure. Additionally to potentially creating havoc with workers’ family lives, and their own and children’s school schedules.
These unpredictable schedules can make it hard to secure a gentle income that permits them to satisfy their financial needs. Unpredictable scheduling can also make it difficult for workers to mix two or more part-time jobs to extend earnings or combine part-time work with their schooling.
From the Bureau of Labor Statistics show that in 2014, 6.1 percent of girls aged 16 and older within the nation’s civilian. The noninstitutionalized population were unemployed.
compared with 6.3 percent of men (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2015d). These unemployment rates were rock bottom for ladies and men since 2008 when 5.4 percent of girls and 6.1 percent of men were unemployed (U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2014b).
This decrease in unemployment reflects improvement within the nation’s economy following. The good Recession that officially lasted from 2007 to 2009. The lower rates, however, can also reflect the choice of some workers to offer up their active look. For employment within the face of dim employment prospects (Davis 2014).